The strategic objective of this programme is to protect plant and animal biodiversity listed on the IUCN Red List of Endangered species. This involves conservation and restoration of their habitats and creating viable options for breeding. Through in situ and ex situ approaches, the programme seeks to minimise human impact on existence of biodiversity and maintain sufficiently large reserves that will enable target species to survive in large numbers.
- To promote community-based conservation initiatives that protect biodiversity while offering communities avenues for socio-economic investments and equitable growth.
- To diversify local livelihood options to reduce human pressures on biodiversity, leading to improved conservation.
- To offer sustainable alternatives to traditional approaches of protected areas management.
- To sensitise and educate local people whose livelihood practices comprise the most important threat to the biodiversity resources of the area in question.
- To develop and disseminate guidelines to support local and regional conservation plans for endangered species.
- Enable genetic diversity of species so that they have a good chance of continuing to adapt and evolve over time.
- Maintain recovering populations in the environment where they have developed their distinctive properties.
- Community-driven conservation builds a development-oriented approach to conservation that diversifies sources of livelihood and alleviate poverty.
- Restore natural resource base and reduce pressure on the environment through agricultural intensification and livelihood alternatives.