Strategic Objectives

  1. The strategic objective of this programme is to repair and preserve wetlands through natural ecological processes that achieve biodiversity conservation, climate change adaptation, and ecosystem service provisioning. This is essential to connect people with nature, foster sustainable socioeconomic development as well as improve human health and well-being.

Specific Objectives

  1. To re-establish and protect the biodiversity and ecological integrity of lakes, streams, rivers and their watersheds.
  2. To promote community-driven adoption of best management practices towards the conservation and restoration of wetland ecosystems.
  3. To support state authorities govern aquatic ecosystems through the development and refinement of planning, policy, monitoring, enforcement, and regulatory tools.
  4. To design educational and public awareness programs that disseminate information to illustrate the importance of preserving wetland ecosystems.
  5. To encourage consistent wetland ecosystem monitoring and classification methods for science based decisions on restoration projects.


  1. Healthy fisheries. About 75 percent of commercially harvested fish and shellfish are dependent on estuaries and their wetlands.
  2. Support for birds and other wildlife. Wetlands are best known for their value to waterfowl and other aquatic birds.
  3. High biological productivity. Many wetlands are highly productive ecosystems mainly due to their richness in organic matter and nutrients. These nutrients support organisms within the marsh that are subsequently transferred to nearby water bodies to support other life forms.
  4. Biodiversity protection. Wetlands support diversity of species that are rare and endemic; such as plant species used for food, drugs, and other products.
  5. Erosion control. By disintegrating wave energy and steadying shorelines, wetland vegetation buffers the adjacent upland from wave action and severe erosion.
  6. Flood damage reduction. Wetlands interrupt runoff and capture storm water; converting rapid and high peak flows to slower and smaller discharges over longer periods of time. Since flood damage is caused by peak flows, wetlands reduce the danger of flooding.
  7. Good water quality. Wetlands are well known for their ability to capture sediments and filter pollutants, which improves water quality for household and industrial use.